PSEB 12th Class History Notes Chapter 11 Banda Singh Bahadur

This PSEB 12th Class History Notes Chapter 11 Banda Singh Bahadur will help you in revision during exams.

PSEB 12th Class History Notes Chapter 11 Banda Singh Bahadur

Early Career:

  • Banda Singh Bahadur was born on 27th October 1670 A.D.
  • His childhood name was Lachhman Dev.
  • He belonged to a very poor family.
  • Moved by the incident of the killing of the she-deer who was pregnant he decided to renounce the world.
  • He changed his name to Madho Das.
  • He took the knowledge of occultism from Aughar tyath and settled in Nanded.
  • In 1708 A.D. Madho Das had a chance to meet Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
  • Guru Gobind Singh Ji baptized him according to Sikh traditions and renamed him Banda Singh Bahadur.

Chapter 11 Banda Singh Bahadur

Military Exploits of Banda Singh Bahadur:

  • After becoming Sikh, Banda Singh Bahadur decided to go to Punjab to avenge the Mughal atrocities committed against Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
  • As a result of the JjJukamnamas issued by Guru Sahib, thousands of Sikhs gathered under his flag.
  • Banda Singh Bahadur started his victory spree from Sonepat in 1709 A.D.
  • The second victory of Banda Singh Bahadur was over Samana.
  • After Samana, he conquered Ghuram, Mustafabad, Kapuri, Sadhaura, and Ropar.
  • The most important victory of Banda Singh Bahadur was over Sirhind on 22nd May 1710 A.D.
  • Banda Singh Bahadur defeated Wazir Khan, the Faujdar of Sirhind.
  • Banda Singh Bahadur made Lohgarh his capital in 1713 A.D.
  • Farrukh Siyar, the new Mughal Emperor commanded Abdus Samad Khan, the Subedar of Lahore to crush the power of
  • Sikhs and capture Banda Singh Bahadur.
  • After a long siege, Banda Singh Bahadur had to surrender on December, 17,1715 A.D. at Gurdas Nangal.
  • Banda Singh Bahadur was brutally executed on June 9, 1716 A.D.

Causes of Banda Singh Bahadur’s Early success:

  • There was a great discontentment against the Mughals for their unbearable atrocities over the Sikhs.
  • As a consequence of Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s Hukamnamas, the Sikhs gave complete support to Banda Singh Bahadur.
  • The successors of Aurangzeb were weak.
  • The initial military exploits of Banda Singh Bahadur were against petty local Mughal officials.
  • Banda Singh Bahadur was an intrepid and efficient military commander.
  • The Sikhs fought with great religious fervour.

Chapter 11 Banda Singh Bahadur

Causes of Banda Singh Bahadur’s Ultimate Failure:

  • The Mughal empire was very powerful and had unlimited resources.
  • There was a lack of organisation among the Sikhs.
  • Banda Singh Bahadur began to violate instructions given to him by Guru Gobind Singh Ji.
  • He tried to bring about changes in Sikhism.
  • The Hindu Chiefs and landlords started opposing him.
  • There was a surprise attack on the Sikhs by the Mughals at Gurdas Nangal.
  • Differences between Banda Singh Bahadur and Binod Singh weakened the position of Banda Singh Bahadur.
  • Hence Banda Singh Bahadur had to face defeat in the end.

Estimate of Banda Singh Bahadur’s Character:

  • Banda Singh Bahadur was very brave and courageous.
  • His personality was very impressive.
  • Banda Singh Bahadur was a great warrior and a General of a high order.
  • He had set up an efficient administration in the areas conquered by him.
  • He was a great organiser.
  • Banda Singh Bahadur occupies an important place in the history of Punjab.

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