This PSEB 8th Class Agriculture Notes Chapter 8 Organic Farming will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 8th Class Agriculture Notes Chapter 8 Organic Farming
→ Organic farming helps in maintaining natural balance and also in conserving natural resources.
→ Inorganic farming we do not use chemical fertilizers, herbicides, fungicides, and insecticides, etc.
→ Organic farming is based on the concept that feeds the soil and not the plants.
→ Advantages of organic farming are fertility of the soil is increased, lower production cost, good income from organic produce, availability of pesticide residue-free food, etc.
→ Excessive use of fertilizers and pesticides, burning of rice and wheat straw, etc. have deteriorated greatly the soil health and the environment.
→ Due to the adoption of the Rice-Wheat cropping system for many years, it has reduced the area under the traditional pulse and oilseed crops.
→ There is a huge demand for tea, basmati rice, vegetables, fruits, pulses, etc. which are grown by adopting organic farming practices, in the world organic food market.
→ The government of India has established a National Centre for Organic Fanning (NCOF) at Ghaziabad to promote organic farming. Its Regional centre in North India is situated at Panchkula, Haryana.
→ In the year 2004 India has formulated certain organic standards which are also acceptable in other countries.
→ Agricultural practices followed in organic farming are the same as that of conventional farming e.g. seeds, sowing method, varieties, etc.
→ Nutritional requirements of crops are met by using compost, vermicompost, farmyard manure, bio-fertilizers, non-edible cakes like castor cakes, etc.
→ Protection of crops from pests and insects is done by using beneficial insects, birds, etc.
→ Extract of neem is also used against pests and insects etc.
→ Organic certification guarantees that organic products are produced as per the organic set standards.
→ Information about organic standards can be obtained from site www.apeda.gov.in.