PSEB 11th Class English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

Punjab State Board PSEB 11th Class English Book Solutions English Grammar Active and Passive Voice Exercise Questions and Answers, Notes.

PSEB 11th Class English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

Active Voice – जिस वाक्य में subject का सीधा सम्बन्ध Verb के साथ होता है (अर्थात् कर्ता के अनुसार क्रिया का रूप निर्धारित होता है) उसे Active Voice का वाक्य कहा जाता है।

Passive Voice – जिस वाक्य में कर्म के अनुसार क्रिया का रूप निर्धारित होता है (और कर्ता का क्रिया पर कोई प्रभाव नहीं होता), उसे Passive Voice का वाक्य कहा जाता है।

PSEB 11th Class English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

निम्नलिखित वाक्यों को ध्यान से देखिए-

Active Voice Passive Voice
1. Ram writes a letter.

राम पत्र लिखता है।

1. A letter is written by Ram.

राम के द्वारा पत्र लिखा जाता है।

2. Children like sweets.

बच्चे मिठाइयां पसन्द करते हैं।

2. Sweets are liked by children.

बच्चों के द्वारा मिठाइयां पसन्द की जाती हैं।

ऊपर के वाक्यों में हमने देखा कि-
(1) Active Voice के वाक्य में जो Subject होता है, वह Passive Voice के वाक्य में Object बन जाता है।

(2) Active Voice के वाक्य में जो Object होता है, वह Passive Voice के वाक्य में Subject बन जाता है।

(3) Passive Voice के वाक्य में Object के साथ by अथवा कोई अन्य उपयुक्त Preposition लगाया जाता है।

(4) Subject से Object तथा Object से Subject का स्थान लेते समय Pronouns का रूप बदल जाता है;
Subject – Object
I – Me
He – him
She – her
We – us
You – you
They – them

(5) किसी वाक्य का Voice बदलते समय Verb का रूप बदल जाता है। इसके लिए नीचे दी गई नियम
तालिका याद रखिए-

Active Voice Passive Voice
1. Present Indefinite Tense V1 is / am / are + V3
2. Past Indefinite Tense V2 was / were + V3
3. Future Indefinite Tense will / shall + V1 will / shall + be + V3
4. Present Continuous Tense is / am / are + V1 -ing is / am / are + being + V3
5. Past Continuous Tense was / were + V1 -ing was / were + being + V3
6. Present Perfect Tense has / have + V3 has / have + been + V3
7. Past Perfect Tense had + V3 had + been + V3
8. Future Perfect Tense will / shall + have + V3 will / shall + have been + V3
9. Imperative Sentences V1 + Object Object + should be + V3
OrLet + Object + be + V3
10. can / could / may / might / must /ought to / should + V1 can / could / may / might / must / ought to / should + be + V3

I. Present Indefinite Tense
(is / am I are + V3)

Active Passive
1. She helps the poor. 1. The poor are helped by her.
2. We expect good news. 2. Good news is expected by us.
3. I know him. 3. He is known to me.
4. Radha does not sing a song. 4. A song is not sung by Radha.
5. Who teaches you English ? 5. By whom are you taught English ?
6. What do you want ? 6. What is wanted by you ?


Change the voice of the following sentences:
1. The mother manages the house.
2. He grows wheat in his field.
3. This pot contains milk.
4. The rich hate the poor.
5. I do not know the reason of his coming.
6. He does not make any noise. (No noise. …..)
7. Does Sham tell a lie ?
8. Why do you not help him ?
9. What does he say?
10. My father sends me money every month.

(II) Past Indefinite Tense (was / were + V3)

Active Passive
1. She kept us waiting 1. We were kept waiting by her.
2. I employed two hundred men. 2. Two hundred men were employed by me.
3. The hunter did not aim at the bird. 3. The bird was not aimed at by the hunter.
4. Did he give you anything? 4. Were you given anything by him ?
5. Who lent you this book ? 5. By whom were you lent this book ?
6. Which picture did you see last night ? 6. Which picture was seen by you last night?


Change the voice of the following sentences :
1. We refused them admission.
2. I forgave him for his fault.
3. He watched the sports.
4. Sohrab gave Rustam a brave fight.
5. They took no notice of me.
6. Did Sita paint this picture ?
7. Who taught you French ?
8. Where did you find this book ?
9. Why did the teacher punish him ?
10. The dentist pulled out one of my teeth.

PSEB 11th Class English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

(III) Future Indefinite Tense
(will / shall + be + V3)

Active Passive
1. I shall buy this pen. 1. This pen will be bought by me.
2. I will not take the test. 2. The test shall not be taken by me.
3. He will do his duty. 3. His duty will be done by him.
4. Will he not mend his ways ? 4. Will his ways not be mended by him ?
5. Which book will you read tomorrow ? 5. Which book will be read by you tomorrow?
6. Who will answer this question ? 6. By whom will this question be answered ?


Change the voice of the following sentences:
(1) 1. The police will look into the matter.
2. The teacher will teach us a lesson.
3. The boys will catch these birds.
4. Will you look after her ?
5. Will your uncle pay your school fees ?
6. How will you settle the matter ?
7. Who will advise him ?
8. When shall I see you again ?
9. What will you do after passing the examination ?
10. Mohan will meet you at the station.

(2) Use of can, could, may, etc.
(can I could / may / etc. + be + V3)

1. Anybody can do it easily.
2. You should write the address neatly.
3. One cannot please everybody.
4. We should always speak the truth.
5. You must listen to his words.
6. One should do one’s duty.
7. Somebody must help this poor woman.
8. One can paint this picture easily.
9. You should not pluck flowers.
10. We must respect our elders.

(IV) Present Continuous Tense
(is / am /are + being + V3)

Active Passive
1. The gardener is plucking flowers. 1. Flowers are being plucked by the gardener.
2. He is driving a motor car. 2. A motor car is being driven by him.
3. Boys are flying kites. 3. Kites are being flown by boys.
4. Is she reading a book ? 4. Is a book being read by her ?
5. Why are you wasting your time? 5. Why is your time being wasted by you ?
6. Who is laughing at the beggar ? 6. By whom is the beggar being laughed at ?


Change the voice of the following sentences:
1. The boys are learning their lessons.
2. The washerman is washing the clothes.
3. The teacher is not calling the roll.
4. The boys are making much noise.
5. He is speaking the truth.
6. Is the peon ringing the bell ?
7. Why are you teasing the beggar ?
8. Who is sending you these letters ?
9. What are you looking for?
10. The labourers are cutting down the trees.

(V) Past Continuous Tense (was / were + being + V3)

Active Passive
1. The hunter was aiming at the lion. 1. The lion was being aimed at by the hunter.
2. She was milking the cow. 2. The cow was being milked by her.
3. The peon was ringing the bell. 3. The bell was being rung by the peon.
4. The farmer was not ploughing the field. 4. The field was not being ploughed by the farmer.
5. Were they learning their lesson ? 5. Was their lesson being learnt by them?
6. What was Sohan doing? 6. What was being done by Sohan ?


Change the voice of the following sentences:
1. Boys were playing cricket.
2. The President was giving away the prizes.
3. We were revising our lessons.
4. He was drawing a picture.
5. He was not solving the sums.
6. Were you throwing stones at the beggar ?
7. Who was beating my brother ?
8. Why were you not teaching the class ?
9. Why was his father beating him?
10. I was writing a letter to my friend.

(VI) Present Perfect Tense
(has / have + been + V3)

Active Passive
1. I have done my duty. 1. My duty has been done by me.
2. She has sold her cow. 2. Her cow has been sold by her.
3. They have not broken the window- pane. 3. The windowpane has not been broken by them.
4. Have you ever seen a lion ? 4. Has a lion ever been seen by you ?
5. Why has Sohan not finished his Sohan ? 5. Why has his work not been finished by sohan ?
6. Who has stolen my pencil ? 6. By whom has my pencil been stolen ?


Change the voice of the following sentences:
1. The servant has posted the letter.
2. He has lent me ten rupees.
3. The farmers have reaped the harvest.
4. We have spent all the money.
5. I have not beaten the dog.
6. Has she taken her meals ?
7. Have you finished your work ?
8. How have you done it?
9. Why have you sent for the doctor ?
10. I have received a parcel just now.

(VII) Past Perfect Tense (had + been + V3)

Active Passive
1. The watchman had already opened the gate. 1. The gate had already been opened by the watchman.
2. We had never visited Amritsar before. 2. Amritsar had never been visited by us before.
3. Had you never seen this place before? 3. Had this place never been seen by you before ?
4. Who had invited you to the feast? 4. By whom had you been invited to the feast?
5. Had he finished his work by 4 p.m. ? 5. Had his work been finished by him by 4 p.m. ?


Change the voice of the following sentences:
1. We had already missed the train.
2. He had received your letter when I met him.
3. Our team had played two matches by 6 p.m.
4. Ram had met my brother earlier also.
5. Who had swept the room ?
6. Why had you not prepared your lessons ?
7. They had not sent for the doctor when I reached home.
8. They had already completed the work.
9. I stood up after I had done my paper.
10. I had written the letter before you came.

PSEB 11th Class English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

(VIII) Future Perfect Tense
(will / shall + have been + V3).

Active Passive
1. I shall have planted a tree. 1. A tree will have been planted by me.
2. He will have read this book. 2. This book will have been read by him.
3. He will have sold his house. 3. His house will have been sold by him.
4. She will have taken the test. 4. The test will have been taken by her.
5. Will he have written a letter? 5. Will a letter have been written by him ?


Change the voice of the following sentences:
1. They will have bought some fruits.
2. The enemy will have attacked the city.
3. He will have cleared his account.
4. I shall have finished this work by evening.
5. The Magistrate will have sent him to jail.
6. The army will have captured the city.
7. They will have mown all the grass.
8. I will have watered the plants before sunset.
9. We will have destroyed the bridge.
10. She will have gathered all her followers.

(IX) Imperative Sentences (Object + should be + V3)
(Let + object + be + V3)

Active Passive
1. Shut the door. 1. The door should be shut.
2. Obey your parents. 2. Let your parents be obeyed.
3. Carry it home. 3. Let it be carried home.
4. Never tell a lie. 4. A lie should never be told.
5. Let him play the match. 5. Let the match be played by him.
6. Please bring me a glass of water. 6. You are requested to bring me a glass of water.


Change the voice of the following sentences:
1. Post this letter at once.
2. Please help me in my hour of need.
3. Lower the boats. 4. Send him to school.
5. Tell him to leave the room.
6. Carry out my orders.
7. Kindly do this much for me.
8. Do not starve the cow.
9. Do not hate the poor.
10. Let me try this question.

(X) Prepositional Verbs कुछ Verbs के साथ विशेष Prepositions या Adverb Particles का प्रयोग किया जाता है Active तथा Passive दोनों तरह के वाक्यों में ये Prepositions या Adverb Particles सम्बन्धित Verbs के साथ ही लगाए जाने चाहिएं। इन्हें Verbs से अलग नहीं किया जा सकता है।

Active Passive
1. The people listened to him with respect. 1. He was listened to with respect by the people.
2. I objected to his proposal. 2. His proposal was objected to by me.
3. The rich often laugh at the poor. 3. The poor are often laughed at by the rich.
4. We must take care of our health. 4. Health must be taken care of.
5. They switched off the lights. 5. The lights were switched off.
6. A car ran over an old man. 6. An old man was run over by a car.
7. The police charged her with murder. 7. She was charged with murder by the police.
8. The Principal turned down my request. 8. My request was turned down by the Principal.
9. The thieves cut down the telephone wires. 9. The telephone wires were cut down by the thieves.
10. I cannot think of such a thing. 10. Such a thing cannot be thought of by me.


Change the voice of verbs in the following sentences :
1. A car ran over our dog.
2. I hate people looking at me.
3. He has written off all the bad debts.
4. Have you washed up all the dishes ?
5. I have carried out all his instructions.
6. We must go into this matter.
7. You cannot catch me out as easily as that.
8. I shall take down whatever you speak.
9. They turned down all our suggestions.
10. They have let off all the fireworks.

(XI) Passive of Infinitives

Active Passive
1. She begged the Principal to forgive her. 1. She begged the Principal to be forgiven.
2. I hope to overcome my difficulties. 2. I hope my difficulties to be overcome.
3. I have to do this work. 3. This work has to be done.
4. I expect you to finish the work today. 4. I expect the work to be finished by you today.
5. It is time to give the order. 5. It is time for the order to be given.

(XII) Use of Prepositions other than ‘by’

Active Passive
1. His behaviour disgusts me. 1. I am disgusted with his behaviour.
2. The jug contains milk. 2. Milk is contained in the jug.
3. The news surprised us. 3. We were surprised at the news.
4. Gardening interests my mother. 4. My mother is interested in gardening.
5. You cannot please her. 5. She cannot be pleased with you.
6. I know him. 6. He is known to me.
7. His jokes amused us. 7. We were amused at his jokes.
8. His conduct amazed us. 8. We were amazed at his conduct.

(XIII) Understood Subjects

Passive Voice के कुछ वाक्यों में by + agent नहीं दिया गया होता है किन्तु ऐसे वाक्यों में कर्ता का अनुमान लगाने में कोई कठिनाई नहीं होती है। अत: Passive Voice से Active Voice बनाने में उसी कर्ता का प्रयोग किया जाना चाहिए। किया जाना चाहिए।

Active Passive
1. You are wanted outside. 1. Someone wants you outside.
2. The thief has been arrested. 2. The police have arrested the thief.
3. The telephone wires were cut. 3. The thieves cut the telephone wires.
4. The matter will be discussed tomorrow. 4. The committee will discuss the matter tomorrow.
5. He was elected Member of Parliament. 5. People elected him Member of Parliament.

Miscellaneous Exercise (Based on the Textbook)

(1) Change the voice of the following.
1. The panel asked Sudha technical questions.
2. We have never employed any ladies on the shop floor.
3. Mr. Moolgaokar introduced Sudha to Mr. JRD Tata.
4. Sudha had to show some reports to Mr. Moolgaokar.
5. Hard work brings success.
6. Baron Hausberg buys all my pictures.
7. Will Pakistan build a nuclear breeder ?
8. His conduct amazed us.
9. Who is creating this mess ?
10. He is said to be very rich.
1. Sudha was asked technical questions by the panel.
2. No lady has ever been employed on the shop floor by us.
3. Sudha was introduced to Mr. JRD Tata by Mr. Moolgaokar.
4. Some reports had to be shown to Mr. Moolgaokar by Sudha.
5. Success is brought by hard work.
6. All my pictures are bought by Baron Hausberg.
7. Will a nuclear breeder be built by Pakistan?
8. We were amazed at his conduct.
9. By whom is this mess being created ?
10. They say that he is very rich.

PSEB 11th Class English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

(2) Change the voice of the following.
1. The wicked people look down upon books.
2. We should not use bookish knowledge to condemn others.
3. Physical exercises cure physical ailments.
4. We should read good books with full concentration.
5. Studies mould man’s character in a healthy manner.
6. I cannot accept your offer.
7. Crafty men condemn studies.
8. When will you pay your fees ?
9. Alas! we shall hear her voice no more.
10. She could not help me with my lessons.
1. Books are looked down upon by the wicked people.
2. Bookish knowledge should not be used to condemn others.
3. Physical ailments are cured by physical exercises.
4. Good books should be read with full concentration.
5. Mans character is moulded in a healthy manner by studies.
6. Your offer cannot be accepted by me.
7. Studies are condemned by crafty men.
8. When will your fees be paid by you ?
9. Alas ! her voice will be heard no more by us.
10. I could not be helped with my lessons her.

(3) Change the voice of the following.
1. They had seen a mother grizzly and two cubs the previous day.
2. He found the skin of his left cheek hanging.
3. Handicaps should be accepted in life.
4. She never shooed them away.
5. She didn’t show any emotion.
6. I could hear her reciting prayers.
7. We have mortgaged our conscience to money.
8. We are threatening the third fundamental freedom.
9. We should not plunder the natural resources of the earth.
10. How can we prevent these conflicts ?
1. A mother grizzly and two cubs had been seen by them the previous day.
2. The skin of his left cheek was found hanging by him.
3. We should accept handicaps in life.
4. They were never shooed away by her.
5. No emotion was shown by her.
6. She could be heard reciting prayers by me.
7. Our conscience has been mortgaged to money by us.
8. The third fundamental freedomis being threatened by us.
9. The natural resources of the earth should not be plundered by us.
10. How can these conflicts prevented by us ?

(4) Change the voice of the following.
1. We threw chapattis to them.
2. We shared the same room.
3. I know what I can do.
4. What should we do to encourage environment-friendly practices ?
5. The enemy surrounded Major Som Nath’s company from three sides.
6. He killed many of the intruders in hand-to-hand fighting.
7. The enemy aircraft dropped bombs on the ground targets.
8. Malcolm would open the door periodically.
9. He couldn’t bear the thought of people’s stares.
10. Malcolm gave Barb a beautiful ring.
1. Chapattis were thrown to them by us.
2. The same room was shared by us.
3. What I can do is known to me.
4. What should be done by us to encourage environment-friendly practices ?
5. Major Som Nath’s company was surrounded by the enemy from three sides.
6. Many of the intruders were killed by him in hand-to-hand fighting.
7. Bombs were dropped on the ground targets by the enemy aircraft.
8. The door would be opened periodically by Malcolm.
9. The thought of peoples stares could not be borne by him.
10. Barb was given a beautiful ring by Malcolm.

(5) Change the voice of the following.
1. The surgeon put in more than 1000 stitches.
2. The doctor advised the patient not to eat rice.
3. The flies were laying eggs in her wounds.
4. Do you imitate others ?
5. I shall help you in every way.
6. Why did your brother give such a rude reply?
7. Discipline trains people to obey rules and orders.
8. The Major rebuked the author for not returning a salute properly.
9. Discipline does not cut down individual freedom.
10. A private soldier saluted the author.
1. More than 1000 stitches were put in by the surgeon.
2. The patient was advised by the doctor not to eat rice.
3. Eggs were being laid in her wounds by the flies.
4. Are others imitated by you ?
5. You will be helped by me in every way.
6. Why was such a rude reply given by your brother ?
7. People are trained by discipline to obey rules and orders.
8. The author was rebuked by the Major for not returning a salute properly.
9. Individual liberty is not cut down by discipline.
10. The author was saluted by a private soldier.

(6) Change the voice of the following.

1. Malcolm was driving Barb to the town of Langley.
2. Did they move Malcolm to a hospital in Edmonton ?
3. Grandmother had already washed and plastered my wooden slate.
4. Grandmother was still reciting prayers.
5. What had the teachers taught you at the English school ?
6. The smell of blood and the bear had nauseated him.
7. How could anyone love a freak?
8. She was writing five to six letters to Malcolm every week.
9. The grizzly was making short grunting sounds.
10. The giant grizzly was gnawing the back of her neck.
1. Barb was being driven to the town of Langley by Malcolm.
2. Was Malcolm moved by them to a hospital in Edmonton ?
3. My wooden slate had already been washed and plastered by Grandmother.
4. Prayers were still being recited by Grandmother.
5. What had you been taught by the teachers at the English school ?
6. He had been nauseated by the smell of blood and the bear.
7. How could a freak be loved by anyone ?
8. Malcolm was being written five to six letters by her every week.
9. Short grunting sounds were being made by the grizzly.
10. The back of her neck was being gnawed by the giant grizzly.

(7) Change the voice of the following.
1. She bathed and dressed me.
2. Both Malcolm and Barb loved the mountains.
3. How did the grizzly attack Malcolm and Barb ?
4. My mother threw sparrows breadcrumbs.
5. This time, the village dogs would meet us at the temple door.
6. The sun had warmed them.
7. One swat of the grizzly’s paw knocked him senseless.
8. The grizzly let out a deafening roar.
9. The nurse was changing his bandages.
10. When we carried my grandmother’s corpse off, the birds flew away quietly.
1. I was bathed and dressed by her.
2. The mountains were loved by both Malcolm and Barb.
3. How were Malcolm and Barb attacked by the grizzly ?
4. Sparrows were thrown breadcrumbs by my mother.
5. This time, we would be met by the village dogs at the temple door.
6. They had been warmed by the sun.
7. He was knocked senseless by one swat of the grizzly’s paw.
8. A deafening roar was let out by the grizzly.
9. His bandages were being changed by the nurse.
10. When my grandmother’s corpse was carried off, the birds flew away quietly.

(8) Change the voice of the following.
1. In ancient India, people worshipped the forests.
2. Eyes lend a unique beauty to the human face.
3. We must conserve every drop of water.
4. What has man sought in vain through ages ?
5. Next morning, the sweeper swept the breadcrumbs.
6. As was customary, we laid her on the ground.
7. She ignored our protests.
8. The grizzly was raking his face again and again.
9. I had won a breathing space.
10. Malcolm and Barb had spent many hours together.
1. In ancient India, the forests were worshipped.
2. A unique beauty is lent to the human face by eyes.
3. Every drop of water must be conserved.
4. What has been sought by man in vain through ages ?
5. Next morning, the breadcrumbs were swept by the sweeper.
6. As was customarys she was laid on the ground.
7. Our protests were ignored by her.
8. His face was being raked by the grizzly again and again.
9. A breathing space had been won by me.
10. Many hours had been spent together by Malcolm and Barb.

PSEB 11th Class English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

Exercises From Grammar Book (Fully Solved)

Exercise 1
Change the voice.

1. He reviews his work.
2. They revise their lessons.
3. She doesn’t tell stories.
4. Do you favour him ?
5. I bought a new car.
6. He always helped the poor.
7. The boys didn’t make a lot of noise.
8. Did he visit you?
9. I shall write a letter.
10. They will read the Ramayana.
1. His work is reviewed by him.
2. Their lessons are revised by them.
3. Stories are not told by her.
4. Is he favoured by you ?
5. A new car was bought by me.
6. The poor were always helped by him.
7. A lot of noise was not made by the boys.
8. Were you visited by him ?
9. A letter will be written by me.
10. The Ramayana will be read by them.

Exercise 2
Change the voice.

1. He is singing a song.
2. They were flying kites.
3. You were eating fruits.
4. Are they doing their work ?
5. Were they making a noise ?
6. Who is drawing pictures ?
7. What are you saying?
8. Are you not doing mischief ?
9. Who are you waiting for?
10. I am favouring you.
1. A song is being sung by him.
2. Kites were being flown by them.
3. Fruits were being
eaten by you.
4. Is their work being done by them ?
5. Was a noise being made by them ?
6. By whom are the pictures being drawn ?
7. What is being said by you ?
8. Is not mischief being done by you ?
9. Who is being waited for by you?
10. You are being favoured by me.

Exercise 3
Change the voice.

1. I have built a new house.
2. They have set up a cloth shop.
3. You had not bought a new car.
4. The police will have caught the thief.
5. What wrong has he done ?
6. Has he sung a song ?
7. Have you won the prize ?
8. Why have you selected her ?
9. Who will have spoken the truth?
10. He will have delivered the parcel.
1. A new house has been built by me.
2. A cloth shop has been set up by them.
3. A new
car had not been bought by you.
4. The thief will have been caught (by the police).
5. What wrong has been done by him ?
6. Has a song been sung by him ?
7. Has the prize been won by you ?
8. Why has she been selected by you ?
9. By whom will the truth have been spoken ?
10. The parcel will have been delivered by him.

Exercise 4
Change the voice.

1. He is telling them an interesting story.
2. Who has taught him Punjabi ?
3. They sent us a message.
4. I promised her an award.
5. She gave them an extra chance.
1. An interesting story is being told to them by him.
2. By whom has he been taught Punjabi ?
By whom has Punjabi been taught to him ?
3. A message was sent us by them.
We were sent a message by them.
4. An award was promised her by me.
She was promised an award by me.
5. An extra chance was given to them by her.
They were given an extra chance by her.

Exercise 5
Change the voice.

1. Mothers bring up their wards.
2. Children were laughing at the joker.
3. Students should listen to their teachers.
4. The conjuror played upon their weaknesses.
5. They looked for the enemy.
1. Their words are brought up by mothers.
2. The joker was being laughed at by the children.
3. Their teachers should be listened to by the students.
4. Their weaknesses were played upon by the conjuror.
5. The enemy was looked for by them.

Change the voice.

1. Stand up at once.
2. Love your friends.
3. Always speak the truth.
4. Get up early in the morning.
5. Sit down.
6. Post this letter.
7. Kindly do it.
8. Never harm anybody.
9. Do not make a noise.
10. Call the doctor.
1. You are ordered to stand up at once.
2. Let your friends be loved by you.
Your friends should be loved by you.
3. The truth should always be spoken.
Let the truth be always spoken by you.
4. You are advised to get up early in the morning.
5. You are ordered to sit down.
6. Let this letter be posted.
This letter should be posted.
7. You are requested to do it.
8. You are advised never to harm anybody.
Let nobody be ever harmed by you.
9. You are ordered not to make a noise.
Let a noise not be made by you.
10. You are requested to call the doctor.
Let the doctor be called.

PSEB 11th Class English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

Exercise 7
Change the voice.

1. Help your friends in need.
2. Enjoy the moment.
3. Don’t play with fire.
4. Never cheat anyone.
5. Get some water, please.
6. Hit the ball hard.
7. Be courteous to others.
8. Play the match fairly.
9. Always make new friends.
10. Take a break now.
1. Let your friends be helped in need.
Your friends should be helped in need.
2. Let themoment be enjoyed.
3. You are warned not to play with fire.
4. Let no one be ever cheated by you.
5. You are requested to get some water.
6. The ball should be hit hard.
Let the ball be hit hard.
7. You are advised to be courteous to others.
8. You are advised to play the match fairly.
Let the match be played fairly.
9. Let new friends be always made (by you).
You are advised to make new friends always.
10. You are permitted to take a break now.
Let a break be taken by you now.

Exercise 8
Change the voice.

1. This news surprises me.
2. He does not know the answer.
3. The audience thronged the hall.
4. The students lined the field.
5. This jug contains milk.
6. His bag contains many books.
7. The warning bells alarmed the thieves.
8. His manners impressed his fiancee.
9. The sight of a lion frightened the child.
10. Her rude behaviour suprised her parents.
1. I am surprised at this news.
2. The answer is not known to him.
3. The hall was thronged with the audience.
4. The field was lined with students.
5. Milk is contained in this jug.
6. Many books are contained in his bag.
7. The thieves were alarmed by the warning bells.
8. His fiancee was impressed with his manners.
9. The child was frightened by the sight of a lion.
10. Her parents were surprised at her rude behaviour.

Exercise 9
Change the voice.

1. I am sure to win the prize.
2. The judges had to praise him.
3. You will have to help him.
4. He had to recommend my work.
5. Will I have to drink the entire milk ?
6. Doctors have to attend him regularly.
7. He likes to admire his comrades.
8. Children have to show him their books.
9. She had to sing a song at the party.
10. Women like men to flatter them.
1. The prize is sure to be won by me.
2. He had to be praised by the judges.
3. He will have to be helped by you.
4. My work had to be recommended by him.
5. Will the entire milk have to be drunk by me ?
6. He is to be attended regularly by the doctors.
7. He likes his comrades to be admired by him.
8. Their books have to be shown to him by the children.
9. A song had to be sung by her at the party.
10. Women like to be flattered by men.

Exercise 10
Change the voice.

1. It must be done.
2. The baby has been named Radha.
3. The agreements have been signed.
4. Gandhiji was refused entry into the cabin.
5. Her parents were informed.
6. The thieves were arrested.
7. Some boys were denied entry into the stadium.
8. The deals were finalized peacefully.
9. Some protestors were released on bail.
10. The winners have been awarded.
1. You / They / He, etc. must do it.
2. The parents have named the baby Radha.
3. All the parties have signed the agreements.
4. The TTE refused Gandhiji the entry into the cabin.
5. The school authorities informed her parents.
6. The police arrested the thieves.
7. The authorities denied some boys the entry into the stadium.
8. The businessman finalized the deals peacefully.
9. The court released some protestors on bail.
10. The authorities have awarded the winners.

Exercise 11
Change the voice.

1. You could lend him some money.
2. He should be helped.
3. Your efforts must bear fruit.
4. We shall keep our area clean.
5. Youth must spread Swachh Bharat concept.
6. We shall create awareness about drugs.
7. Every citizen ought to follow the constitution.
8. Children should obey their parents.
9. We must love our motherland.
10. Teachers must be respected.
1. He could be lent some money by you.
Some money could be lent to him by you.
2. You should help him.
3. Fruit must be borne by your efforts.
4. Our area will be kept clean by us.
5. Swachh Bharat concept must be spread by the youth.
6. Awareness about drugs will be created by us.
7. The constitution ought to be followed by every citizen.
8. The parents should be obeyed by their children.
9. Our motherland must be loved by us.
10. We must respect teachers.

PSEB 11th Class English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

Exercise 12
Change the voice.

1. Have you received the parcel in time?
2. Do you speak English at home?
3. Can you spot the mistakes in her contest?
4. Will they own up their faults?
5. Who will bell the cat ?
6. Why will you always rescue him ?
7. Where do you get such beautiful flowers ?
8. Will the boys defeat the girls in debate homework sheet ?
9. Why should you do it?
10. What can your parents do for you?
1. Has the parcel been received by you in time ?
2. Is English spoken by you at home?
3. Can the mistakes in her homework sheets be spotted by you ?
4. Will their faults be owned up by them ?
5. By whom will the cat be belled ?
6. Why will he be always rescued by you ?
7. Where are such beautiful flowers got by you ?
8. Will the girls be defeated in debate contest by the boys ?
9. Why should it be done by you ?
10. What can be done by your parents for you?

Exercise 13
Change the voice.

1. Hear your inner voice.
2. Sea water tastes salty.
3. Hate none.
4. His new novel is printing.
5. Always speak the truth.
6. People elected him their Prime Minister.
7. Who brought you here?
8. Let an application be written by you.
9. Go out now.
10. You ought to win it.
1. Your inner voice should be heard (by you).
Let your inner voice be heard by you.
2. Sea water is salty when tasted.
3. None should be hated (by you).
Let none be hated (by you).
4. His new novel is being printed.
5. Truth should always be spoken.
Let the truth be spoken always.
6. He was elected their Prime Minister (by the people).
7. By whom were you brought here ?
8. You should write an application.
9. You are ordered to go out now.
10. It ought to be won by you.

Exercise 14
Change the voice.

1. We saw it as a challenge.
2. He kept her in the dark.
3. Nurse the sick.
4. Why did he kick you?
5. I don’t make excuses.
6. He never lost his focus.
7. Why are you laughing at him?
8. I admire our Prime Minister.
9. People dare him to tell a lie.
10. Duty must be done.
1. It was seen as a challenge by us.
2. She was kept in the dark (by him).
3. The sick should be nursed.
Let the sick be nursed.
4. Why were you kicked by him ?
5. Excuses are not made by me.
6. His focus was never lost (by him).
7. Why is he being laughed at by you ?
8. Our Prime Minister is admired by me.
9. He is dared by people to tell a lie.
1o. One must do one’s duty.

Exercise 15
Change the voice.

1. She knows her teacher well.
2. I love my India.
3. Why should you bear your insult ?
4. What is wanted by you ?
5. Save your soul.
6. Will you have done her work ?
7. He doesn’t complete the song.
8. We have won the competition.
9. How did you get the prize ?
10. You may write a letter.
1. Her teacher is known well to her.
2. My India is loved by me.
3. Why should your insult be borne by you ?
4. What do you want ?
5. Your soul should be saved by you.
Let your soul be saved by you.
6. Will her work have been done by you ?
7. The song is not completed by him.
8. The competition has been won by us.
9. How was the prize got by you ?
10. A letter may be written by you.

Exercise 16
Change the voice.

1. I agreed to her proposal.
2. He was elected the speaker of the house.
3. Who did not write the poem?
4. We were surprised at his remark.
5. Crowds lined the roads.
6. He displeases me.
7. Be alert.
8. Don’t litter in the streets.
9. What is done by him ?
10. Nobody listened to his entreaties.
1. Her proposal was agreed to by me.
2. The members elected him the speaker of the house.
3. By whom was the poem not written ?
4. His remarks surprised us.
5. The roads were lined with crowds.
6. I am displeased with him.
7. You are advised to be alert.
8. The streets should not be littered in by you.
9. What does he do ?
10. His entreaties were listened to by nobody.

Exercise 17
Change the voice.

1. Open the window, please.
2. I asked him to leave my office.
3. Let them perform freely.
4. You are asked to clear the dues.
5. The manager has been suspended.
6. It has to be finished today.
7. Duty must be done.
8. I taught them English.
9. Every parent knows his child.
10. I have met Amitabh Bachchan once.
1. You are requested to open the window.
2. He was asked by me to leave my office.
3. They should be allowed to perform freely.
4. We ask you to clear the dues.
5. The company has suspended the manager.
6. You have to finish’ it today.
7. One must do one’s duty.
8. They were taught English by me.
(or) English was taught to them by me.
9. His / her child is known to every parent.
10. Amitabh Bachchan has been met by me once.

PSEB 11th Class English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

Exercise 18
Change the voice.

1. The king was wearing a big turban.
2. Post this card immediately.
3. This glass contains milk.
4. Coffee tastes sweet.
5. He gave away the prizes.
6. When will you return my money ?
7. What are you doing in the ground ?
8. She sought my forgiveness.
9. Sneha has won many awards this year.
10. I adore Narendra Modi.
1. A big turban was being worn by the king.
2. This card must be posted immediately.
You are ordered to post this card immediately.
3. Milk is contained in this glass.
4. Coffee is sweet when tasted.
5. The prizes were given away by him.
6. When will my money be returned by you ?
7. What is being done by you in the ground ?
8. My forgiveness was sought by her.
9. Many awards have been won by Sneha this year.
10. Narendra Modi is adored by me.

Exercise 19
Change the voice.

1. Please share your experiences with us.
2. What is she asking for?
3. I helped him in his learning days.
4. None should shirk work.
5. Why are they shouting at you ?
6. Do it at once.
7. They admit their mistakes.
8. Do what pleases you.
9. Live your dreams.
10. Sudha was offered the job by Telco.
1. You are requested to share your experiences with us.
2. What is being asked for by her ?
3. He was helped by me in his learning days.
4. Work should not be shirked by anyone.
5. Why are you being shouted at by them ?
6. You are ordered to do it at once.
7. Their mistakes are admitted by them.
8. Do what you are pleased with. (or) What pleases you may be done.
9. Your dreams should be lived (by you).
10. Telco offered the job to Sudha.

Exercise 20
Change the voice.

1. Discipline your life.
2. Grandmother recited the hymns daily.
3. Let them oppose me.
4. May I borrow your car?
5. The teacher taught us new concepts.
6. We must acknowledge the salute.
7. We could not accept your proposal.
8. Who is creating chaos in the streets?
9. Indians have proved their mettle in the IT sector.
10. Indian troops pushed the invaders out of our soil.
1. You are advised to discipline your life. (or) Let your life be disciplined by you.
2. The hymns were recited by Grandmother daily.
3. I may be opposed by them. (or) Let me be opposed by them.
4. May your car be borrowed by me?
5. We were taught new concepts by the teacher. (or) New concepts were taught to us by the teacher.
6. The salute must be acknowledged (by us).
7. Your proposal could not be accepted by us.
8. By whom is chaos being created in the streets ?
9. Their mettle has been proved by Indians in the IT sector.
10. The invaders were pushed out of our soil by Indian troops.

PSEB 11th Class English Grammar Active and Passive Voice

Exercise 21
Change the voice.

1. Captain Vikram Batra made the supreme sacrifice for the motherland.
2. Flying Officer Nirmaljit Singh hit two enemy planes.
3. We need to remember this.
4. Malcolm was attacked by the grizzly bear.
5. Bhagat Singh is remembered for his selfless sacrifice.
6. Crafty men condemn study.
7. I gave them many storybooks.
8. We must do more for our society.
9. Our media must create more for public awareness on GST.
10. Demonetisation has harmed the interests of the corrupt.
1. The supreme sacrifice for the motherland was made by Captain Vikram Batra.
2. Two enemy planes were hit by Flying Officer Nirmaljit Singh.
3. This needs to be remembered by us.
4. The grizzly bear attacked Malcolm.
5. We remember Bhagat Singh for his selfless sacrifice.
6. Study is condemned by crafty men.
7. Many storybooks were given to them by me. (or) They were given many storybooks by me.
8. More for our society should be done by us.
9. More (programmes) must be created by our media for pub on GST.
10. The interests of the corrupt have been harmed by demonetisation.

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