This PSEB 9th Class Agriculture Notes Chapter 2 Summer Vegetables will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 9th Class Agriculture Notes Chapter 2 Summer Vegetables
→ Any succulent part like fruit, leaf, stems, etc. of a plant that can be eaten fresh as a salad or after cooking is called a vegetable.
→ Vegetables contain carbohydrates, proteins, minerals, and vitamins.
→ For maintaining good health, the consumption of 284 grams of vegetables per person per day is essential.
→ Leafy vegetables are spinach, fenugreek, lettuce (salad), saag.
→ Root vegetables are carrot, radish, turnip.
→ The reason for low consumption per person is population explosion and post-harvest losses of vegetables.
→ Major Kharif (summer) vegetables are chilli, brinjal, okra, bitter gourd, squash melon, tomato, bottle gourd, sponge gourd, long melon, etc.
→ Varieties of chillis are Punjab surkh, Punjab Guchhedar, Chilli hybrid-1.
→ The seed rate for chilli for sowing nursery in one marla is 200 grams.
→ Varieties of tomato are Punjab Varkha Bahar-1, Punjab Varkha Bahar-2.
→ Seed rate for tomato is 100-gram seed for 2 maria nursery which is used for transplanting in one acre.
→ Varieties of Brinjal are Punjab Neelam (round fruited), BH-2 (oblong fruited), PBH-3 (small fruited).
→ The seed rate for the sowing nursery of brinjal is 300-400 grams per acre.
→ Varieties of okra are Punjab-7, Punjab-8, Punjab Padmini.
→ The seed rate for okra is 15 kg (February), 8-10 kg (March), 5-6 kg (June-July).
→ Cucurbitaceous vegetables are summer squash, bottle gourd, bitter gourd, sponge gourd, cucumber, squash melon, long melon, musk melon, etc.
→ Varieties of Summer squash – Punjab Chappan Kaddo-1.
→ Varieties of Bottle gourd – Punjab Barket, Punjab Komal.
→ Varieties of bitter gourd – Punjab-14, Punjab Kareli-1.
→ The seed rate for bitter gourd is 2 kg per acre.
→ Varieties of sponge gourd – Pusa chikni, Punjab spong gourd-9.
→ Varieties of ash gourd are – PAG-3.
→ The seed rate for each summer squash, bottle gourd, ash gourd is 2 kg per acre.
→ Varieties of cucumber – Punjab Naveen.
→ The seed rate for cucumber is one kg per acre.
→ Varieties of long melon – Punjab Long melon-1.
→ The seed rate for long melon is one kg per acre.
→ Varieties of squash melon – Tir 4a-48.
→ Seed rate for squash melon – 1.5 kg per acre.
→ Musk Melon is a vegetable scientifically.
→ Varieties of musk melon – Punjab hybrid, hara Madhu, Punjab sunehri.
→ The seed rate for musk melon is 400 grams per acre.