This PSEB 9th Class Agriculture Notes Chapter 3 Flower Cultivation will help you in revision during exams.
PSEB 9th Class Agriculture Notes Chapter 3 Flower Cultivation
→ In Indian culture, the importance of flowers is there since time immemorial.
→ Flowers are used for worship, marriage, and social functions.
→ In Punjab, the area under flower cultivation is 2160 hectares.
→ In Punjab, the area under fresh flower cultivation is 1300 hectares.
→ In Punjab, flower crops are mainly classified into two categories.
- Loose Flower
- Cut Flower
→ Loose Flowers are harvested from the base of flowers without their sterns. Examples: Rose, Jasmine, Marigold.
→ Cut flowers are harvested with their long stems. Examples: Gerbera, Rose, Lilium, Gladiolus, etc.
→ Gladiolus is the main cut flower crop in Punjab.
→ Gladiolus is propagated from the corms.
→ Marigold is the main major loose flower crop of Punjab.
→ Marigold is of two types African Marigold and French Marigold.
→ For raising a nursery of one acre of marigold 600-gram seed, is required.
→ Chrysanthemum is a flower that is used for both cut flowers as well as loose flowers.
→ Chrysanthemum is a flower in which the terminal stem cuttings of plants are cut from old plants from the end of June to mid-July.
→ Rose is a flower that is used for both cut flowers as well as loose flowers.
→ Fully open rose flowers are harvested for marketing as loose flowers but are harvested at tight bud stage with long stems.
→ Red, orange, white, pink, and yellow coloured flowers of Gerbera are in more demand.
→ Tuberose flowers are used as loose and cut flowers for oil extraction.
→ Tuberose bulbs are planted during February-March.
→ Produce obtained for tuberose is 80,000 cut flowers or 2-2.5 ton/loose flowers per acre.
→ Motia (Jasmine) flowers are of white colored having good fragrance.
→ Soil suitable for cultivation of Motia is heavy soil with good.